Dr. Monika Meena

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Understanding Adenomyosis: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment Options

Understanding Adenomyosis Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment Options (1)

Adenomyosis is a condition that affects the uterus, causing heavy, painful periods, and utter physical discomfort. While it is not a life-threatening condition, it can significantly impact a person’s quality of life. So, in this adenomyosis awareness month, let the best Female laparoscopic gynecologist in Kolkata reveal everything you need to know about adenomyosis through today’s blog –

When does Adenomyosis occur?

Adenomyosis occurs when the tissue that normally lines the uterus (endometrium) begins to grow into the muscular walls of the uterus (myometrium). However, this can cause the uterus to become enlarged and tender, and consequently, can result in severe menstrual cramps.

What are the symptoms of Adenomyosis?

Here are 5 major symptoms –

  1. Heavy menstrual bleeding
  2. Severe menstrual cramps
  3. Pain during intercourse
  4. Pelvic pressure or discomfort
  5. Bloating or swelling in the abdomen

What are the causes of Adenomyosis?

The exact cause of adenomyosis is not fully understood, but several factors may contribute to its development –

  • Hormonal changes: Fluctuations in oestrogen levels may play a role in the development of adenomyosis.
  • Childbirth: Women who have had multiple pregnancies or childbirths may be at a higher risk.
  • Invasive procedures: Uterine surgeries, such as cesarean sections or fibroid removal, may increase the risk of adenomyosis.

How does a Consultant Gynecologist in Kolkata diagnose Adenomyosis?

Adenomyosis can be challenging to diagnose as its symptoms overlap with other conditions like endometriosis or fibroids. However, diagnosis typically involves a combination of a physical exam, imaging tests (ultrasound, MRI), and sometimes a biopsy to confirm the presence of adenomyosis tissue.

What are the treatment options for Adenomyosis?

  • Pain medication: Over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen when prescribed by a Robotic Gynae Onco surgeon can help alleviate menstrual cramps.
  • Hormonal therapy: Birth control pills, hormonal IUDs, or other hormonal treatments may help reduce symptoms by controlling hormone levels.
  • Surgery: In severe cases, a hysterectomy (surgical removal of the uterus) may be recommended, especially for women who have completed childbearing.


Adenomyosis can significantly impact a person’s quality of life, but with proper diagnosis and management, symptoms can often be effectively controlled. If you are experiencing heavy, painful periods or other symptoms associated with adenomyosis, it is highly essential to consult with a Consultant Gynecologist in Kolkata for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan. Remember that early intervention can help improve symptoms and prevent complications, allowing individuals to lead healthier, more comfortable lives.

Meet Dr Monika Meena

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Dr Monika is an expert trained robotic gynae surgeon, oncosurgeon in Kolkata. Her main interest lies in robotic and minimal invasive gynaecology. She has the highest robotic cases to her credit amongst the female gynecologists in east India.

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