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Uterine Fibroids: What You Need to Know

Uterine Fibroids: What You Need to Know

As we observe Fibroids Awareness Month this July, it is highly important to shed light on uterine fibroids, a common yet often so misunderstood condition of women’s health. The most trusted Consultant Gynae Oncologist in Kolkata is here to provide you with essential information about uterine fibroids to help you understand and manage this condition better.

What Are Uterine Fibroids?

According to every Consultant Gynae Oncologist, uterine fibroids are typical non-cancerous growths that develop in or on the uterus. These tumors are composed of muscle cells and other tissues and can vary in size from as small as a seed to as large as a melon. However, fibroids are most commonly found in women of reproductive age, and their growth is linked to the hormone oestrogen.

Common Symptoms of Uterine Fibroids – Although many women with fibroids experience no symptoms at all, when symptoms do occur, they can include:

  • Heavy Menstrual Bleeding: Excessive bleeding during periods, sometimes leading to anaemia.
  • Pelvic Pain and Pressure: Persistent pain or a feeling of fullness in the lower abdomen.
  • Frequent Urination: Constant pressure on the bladder can cause a frequent urge to urinate.
  • Pain During Intercourse: Some women may experience pain during sexual activity.
  • Reproductive Issues: Lastly, uterine fibroids may often interfere with fertility and pregnancy.

Common Causes and Risk Factors – Though the exact cause is unknown, several factors may increase the risk of developing fibroids:

  • Genetics: First of all, a family history of uterine fibroids increases the likelihood.
  • Hormones: Oestrogen and progesterone hormones promote the growth of fibroids.
  • Age: Fibroids are more common as women age, particularly during their 30s and 40s.
  • Lifestyle Factors: Obesity, high blood pressure, and a diet high in red meat and low in green vegetables, fruit, and dairy may contribute to the development of fibroids.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Fibroids – Fibroids are often detected during routine pelvic exams or imaging tests such as ultrasound, MRI, or CT scans. Treatment alternatives depend on the size and location of the fibroids, the severity of symptoms, and whether the patient wishes to have children in the future. However, the treatment options include –

  • Medications: To regulate hormones or relieve symptoms.
  • Non-Invasive Procedures: Certain procedures such as MRI-guided focused ultrasound.
  • Minimally Invasive Procedures: Including uterine artery embolization or laparoscopic surgery.
  • Traditional Surgery: Such as myomectomy to remove fibroids or hysterectomy to remove the uterus.

Living with Fibroids – While uterine fibroids can often be so challenging, many women manage them successfully with appropriate medical care. However, regular check-ups and open communication with a Consultant Gynae Oncologist are crucial in managing symptoms and maintaining a good quality of life.

In conclusion, this Fibroids Awareness Month, let’s prioritize understanding and addressing this common condition. If you suspect you have fibroids or experience related symptoms, consult with the Best Fibroid surgeon in Kolkata for a proper diagnosis and personalized treatment plan.

Meet Dr Monika Meena

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Dr Monika is an expert trained robotic gynae surgeon, oncosurgeon in Kolkata. Her main interest lies in robotic and minimal invasive gynaecology. She has the highest robotic cases to her credit amongst the female gynecologists in east India.

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Cervical Cancer Health

What are the potential risk factors for cervical cancer?

Best female Gynae Oncologist in Kolkata

Cervical cancer has now been a common threat for women. It is a type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the cervix, which is the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. However, the cervix plays a crucial role in childbirth by allowing the passage of the baby from the uterus to the vagina. Nowadays, several factors can increase the risk of developing cervical cancer. The primary risk factor is infection with high-risk types of human papillomavirus (HPV). However, according to the Best female Gynae Oncologist in Kolkata, other factors that can contribute to an increased risk of cervical cancer may include –

 Weakened Immune System: 

Women with a weakened immune system, whether due to conditions like HIV/AIDS or the use of immunosuppressive drugs, may have an elevated risk of cervical cancer. 

 Smoking: 

Tobacco use, including smoking, has been linked to an increased risk of cervical cancer. The harmful substances in tobacco can damage the DNA of cervical cells.

 Long-Term Use of Birth Control Pills: 

Consultant Gyne Oncologist in Kolkata suggests that long-term use of oral contraceptives (birth control pills) may slightly increase the risk of cervical cancer.

Having Multiple Sexual Partners: 

Having multiple sexual partners or engaging in sexual activity at an early age increases the risk of HPV infection, which is a key factor in the development of cervical cancer.

Giving Birth to Multiple Children: 

Women who have had many full-term pregnancies, especially if they started at a young age, may have a slightly increased risk of cervical cancer.

Lack of Regular Pap Smear Screenings: 

Not having regular Pap smear screenings or not following up on abnormal results can contribute to a higher risk of developing cervical cancer.

However, these factors are associated with an increased risk, many women who develop cervical cancer might not have any specific risk factors. On the contrary, having one or more risk factors does not guarantee the development of cervical cancer. 

Nevertheless, regular screenings, such as Pap smears and HPV tests, can help detect abnormalities early on, allowing for timely intervention and reducing the risk of cervical cancer. HPV vaccination is also a crucial preventive measure, especially when administered before sexual activity begins. 

Do you want to know more about it? Get an appointment with Dr. Monika Meena, a reputable Robotic Gynae Onco surgeon in Kolkata for more information about cervical cancer. 

Meet Dr Monika Meena

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Dr Monika is an expert trained robotic gynae surgeon, oncosurgeon in Kolkata. Her main interest lies in robotic and minimal invasive gynaecology. She has the highest robotic cases to her credit amongst the female gynecologists in east India.

Read More

Contact Us

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